2018-2019 Colloquium Series
The Tourism Studies Working Group is pleased to announce
MINORITY EMPOWERMENT IN TOURISM AND HERITAGE RESEARCH
IN MULTICULTURAL NATIONS -
Comparisons with China
Nelson Graburn and Lusha Sa gave a Gallery Presentation at the AAA Meetings
Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
Assistant Professor, School of Ethnology and Sociology, South-central University for Nationalities, Wuhan, China
& Visiting Scholar, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
Friday, February 1, 5:00pm
Gifford Room, 221 Kroeber Hall
University of California, Berkeley
Most modern multicultural nations incorporate their minority ethnic peoples within the national unity. So "national heritage" contains a multiplicity of sub-national heritages. These minority peoples are often taken as icons of identity for the larger nation-state in establishing national identity for their own citizens, e.g. in school education as well as for foreigners. The minorities are almost always the objects of tourism - both domestic and international, and their arts, crafts and performances are often displayed as "national symbols," in worlds' fairs, airline logos, theme parks and other forms of tourist imaginaries and advertising. China with its 55 shaoshu minzu is a good example. In most multinational nations, the selection, preservation, organization and commoditization of these special heritages is in the hands of the majority experts, officials and business peoples. Only in China with its shaoshu minzu - but rarely in Canada, the USA, Brazil, India, Mexico or Russia - are these minority peoples educated and professionally trained to research, write and teach about, and take part in policy making for minority heritage and tourism in their own countries. Based on extensive collaboration with minority scholars, we will consider: do they study and teach about only their own peoples, in which topic they are presumably cultural experts? Or do they perform as fully empowered professionals alongside and equal to the other tourism and heritage professionals of the ruling majority group. Do minority professionals have a different concept of "heritage" from the majority people of the nation and in what ways?
Nelson Graburn University of Chicago (PhD 1963). After Postdoc at Northwestern, researching Inuit-Naskapi/Cree interethnic relations (1963-64), he was hired at U C Berkeley where he has taught Anthropology for 53 years. He served as Curator in the Hearst Museum since 1972 and co-chair of Canadian Studies 1976 - 2013. He has held visiting positions in Canada, France, UK, Japan, and Brazil and has taught/lectured at thirty universities in China. He has lived in 22 Inuit communities (1959-2010) in the Canadian Arctic (and Greenland and Alaska) doing research on kinship, cultural change, art, identity and tourism. He has carried out research on domestic tourism, multiculturalism and heritage in Japan (since 1974) and China (since 1991). Among his books and edited volumes are Ethnic and Tourist Arts (1976); Japanese Domestic Tourism (1983); The Anthropology of Tourism (1983); Tourism Social Sciences (1991); Multiculturalism in the New Japan (2008); 旅游人类学论文集 [Anthropology in the Age of Tourism] (2009); Tourism and Glocalization: Perspectives in East Asian Studies (2010); Exploring Ethnicity and the State through Tourism in East Asia (2011). Tourism Imaginaries: Anthropological Approaches (2014), Tourism Imaginaries at the Disciplinary Crossroads (2016), Tourism in Post-Socialist Eastern Europe (2016) and IndigenousTourism Movements (2018). He serves on the editorial boards of the Annals of Tourism Research, International Journal of Tourism Cities and the Asian Journal of Tourism Research.
Lusha Sa: PhD in Ethnology. School of Ethnology and Sociology, South-central University for Nationalities, Wuhan, China (2013). She is an assistant professor at the South-central University for Nationalities and visiting scholar in Anthropology at U C Berkeley. Her PhD was published as撒露莎. 跨文化交流与民族文化重构：丽江旅游的人类学阐释[M].北京：中国社会科学出版社，[Intercultural Communication and Sociocultural Reconstruction: Anthropological Interpretation of Tourism in LiJiang. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press] in 2017. She has many other publications in tourism theory and intercultural communication, ethnicity and tourism and museums and ethnic tourism symbols and she has published the works of many foreign scholars in Chinese. She is collaborating with Prof. Graburn on this and other tourism related projects. Dr. Sa belongs to the Hui ethnic minority in China.